We developed a framework called the governance cube a few years ago to help multi disciplinary teams build a common understanding of government systems. It looks at government systems as having 3 dimensions. These dimensions are:
Governance Domain: these are the places where constraints can be imposed on a system to influence the behaviour of the entities operating within it;
Governance Functions: these are the tasks that are carried out by governments to ensure the entities adhere to the rules;
Governed Entities: these are the entities whose behaviour we are trying to govern.